Understanding ovulation: When to inseminate?
If you are trying to get pregnant, ovulation is the determining factor for success. If you are planning to become pregnant, it is crucial to know how your ovulation works. This way you can improve your chances of success. But what is ovulation, how does it work, and when should you inseminate with donor sperm? These are some of the questions we will answer in this blog post.
What is ovulation?
In every menstrual cycle, a mature egg is released from the woman’s ovary, and this is the process of ovulation. When a mature egg is released, it travels through the fallopian tube and is made available for fertilisation. Normally only one egg is released, but in rare cases, several eggs are released.
A regular menstrual cycle is on average 28-32 days but some may have longer or shorter cycles. Ovulation occurs in the middle of the cycle, around 14 days after the first menstrual day.
When should I inseminate?
To know when is the best time to inseminate, it is necessary to have an estimation of the day of your ovulation. This increases the chances of successful insemination and the likelihood of conception.
The most fertile days are between the day of ovulation (when the mature egg is being released) and the prior two days. On the day after the egg has been released, the likelihood of getting pregnant is 0 %. Therefore, it is better to inseminate a little early instead of waiting for too long. Note that when you have a positive ovulation test, the mature egg will be released approximately 24 hours later.
By purchasing two sperm straws, you can inseminate the first straw a little early and inseminate the second straw 12 hours later. This way you will expand the period of time where fertilisation is possible. You can also use both straws at the same time if you are very sure about the exact time of your ovulation.
How can I track my ovulation?
The more certain you are of the length of your cycle, the easier it will be for you to predict when your ovulation occurs. Since the length of the menstrual cycle varies from woman to woman, we recommend you note each time your period starts. This way, you can calculate the number of days between your periods and predict the length of your menstrual cycle. Then you will have an estimated time of ovulation.
There exist numerous methods for tracking your ovulation. We recommend that you use more than one method at once to increase the probability of correctly estimating your ovulation.
You can use a mobile app to track your period. However, an app alone is not sufficient as it needs several months of data before knowing your exact cycle. Instead, you can combine it with a second method. For instance, using ovulation testing strips or measuring your body temperature every day.
Methods for tracking ovulation:
- Mobile fertility apps
- Ovulation testing strips
- Basal body temperature (your normal body temperature will increase a little bit right after ovulation. The temperature will decrease again right before your period begins)
- Cervical mucus
- Bracelets for ovulation tracking
Need more advice?
If you are still not sure about when you should inseminate, you are welcome to contact our Customer Service. You can also join our Facebook group Family Dreams where you can ask the other members for advice and hear about their experiences with insemination with donor sperm.